Archive - February 2018

Sorting out Unit two
Erik Erikson

Sorting out Unit two

Trust and Caring started a new unit recently. Our new unit is focusing on understanding ourselves. We are looking at how and why we interact with the world around us.  We are trying to see what our abilities are, how these abilities affect our choices, and how we play with others.
Much growth has happened in the T&C room.  Children are playing more constructively. They are sharing toys and waiting their turns. It is amazing how independence and confidence change how we behave towards and with others.  We have become quite a nice group of friends.
T&C students have mastered their routines now. They’re excited about specials and play. They feed themselves and express their wants. Now we go deeper; we delve into who we are and how that is the core of our decisions.


Erik Erikson

I have been reading about the stages children go through while growing.  At Trust and Caring age, they are going through “guilt -vs-autonomy”.  Here is a description of this-

The child is developing physically and becoming more mobile. Between the ages of 18 months and three, children begin to assert their independence, by walking away from their mother, picking which toy to play with, and making choices about what they like to wear, to eat, etc.


The child is discovering that he or she has many skills and abilities, such as putting on clothes and shoes, playing with toys, etc. Such skills illustrate the child’s growing sense of independence and autonomy. Erikson states it is critical that parents allow their children to explore the limits of their abilities within an encouraging environment which is tolerant of failure.


For example, rather than put on a child’s clothes a supportive parent should have the patience to allow the child to try until they succeed or ask for assistance. So, the parents need to encourage the child to become more independent while at the same time protecting the child so that constant failure is avoided.


A delicate balance is required from the parent. They must try not to do everything for the child, but if the child fails at a particular task they must not criticize the child for failures and accidents (particularly when toilet training). The aim has to be “self control without a loss of self-esteem” (Gross, 1992). Success in this stage will lead to the virtue of will.

This is why a preschool such as Magic Years is so wonderful for children.  We have the space and the teachers to create an encouraging environment that allows for failures and successes.